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UPSC Civil Services Exam Study Notes

“More than strategy, I think if someone wants to be a civil servant, they should be very clear about their motivation as only that will push you on difficult days. Consistency is key.”

(“रणनीति से अधिक, मुझे लगता है कि अगर कोई सिविल सेवक बनना चाहता है, तो उसे अपनी प्रेरणा के बारे में बहुत स्पष्ट होना चाहिए क्योंकि केवल वही आपको कठिन दिनों में प्रोत्साहित करेगा। एकाग्रता महत्वपूर्ण है।”)

Shruti Sharma (AIR 1) - My strategy was to focus on my own notes with emphasis on answer-writing practice for the Mains exam. she opted for history as the optional subject in the Mains. Instead of counting the number of hours, she used to give as many hours as possible for the exam preparation.

Ankita Agarwal (AIR 2) - Ankita Agarwal said she prepared through self-study as well as coaching. She believes both play equally important roles in a candidate’s life. She began her UPSC preparation 4 years ago and apart from basic books, she kept herself updated with current affairs. She made her notes on a computer as it is easier to organise notes digitally. She solved a few test series to help her get enough practice before the actual exams. For Mains preparation, her centre of attention was answered writing practice.

IAS Kanika Rathi - She used to study for 5-6 hours a day and consider revision as the basis of success. She went to coaching for a year, but after that she gave preference to self-study. For studies, she also took the help of tutorials on YouTube.

DIG few tips for UPSC exam preparation

  • NEED Action Plan – Set aside at least one year for CSE preparation and create an action plan to get started.
  • NEED Plan meticulously– When preparing for the UPSC CSE, always have a realistic and feasible study programme in place. Making a calendar and keeping track of your goals might also assist.
  • NEED study material – Jumping from book to book for test preparation will only lead to confusion; thus, choose a few books and resources and try to keep to them as much as possible.
  • Use the internet for requirement topics – While the internet is a wonderful source of knowledge and study material, she cautions pupils from overusing it because there are several distractions.
  • Do not be anxious - it will take some time to find a CSE preparation routine that works for you. Do not worry if a topic appears difficult and you become stuck; think it through and you will gain insight on how to learn that specific idea.
  • Selfconfident on yourself - Know your own strengths and shortcomings then allow you to focus your preparation. This focus and clarity will be extremely beneficial in improving each level of preparation based on your requirements.
  • Do more Practice & Practice - Before taking the actual exam, take mock practice examinations for both the prelims and the mains. This will help you develop confidence and expertise in appropriately structuring your responses.
  • To be focused on your goal - Preparing for the UPSC exam can be extremely difficult, so stay motivated and be positive. Always see the positive side of things and believe in your abilities to clear the UPSC CSE exam.
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Complete Study Notes available :
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IAS Prelims Solved Question Papers
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Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam, 2022 Question Papers

General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II

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What we will delivered you :

  • IAS (Prelims) (G.S. Paper-1) (History, Geography, Polity,Economy, Science, Environment, General Awareness)

  • IAS (Prelims) (CSAT Paper-2) (Comprehension, Logical reasoning, Data Interpretation, Decision making, Mental ability, Numeracy, English Comprehension)

  • IAS Mains General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History of India and world, Geography of India and world and Society)

  • IAS Mains General Studies-II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

  • IAS Mains General Studies-III (Science and Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Security and Disaster Management)

  • IAS Mains General Studies-IV ( Ethics, Integrity, Attitude, Aptitude and case studies)

  • Summary of NCERT Books (Summary of Class-9 to Class-12)

  • Language and English Grammar & Comprehension notes 

  • Essay with strategyof Writing Skills

  • IAS Prelims TEST SERIES (GS+CSAT) both test papers included

  • IAS MAINS General Stusies TEST SERIES (ALL Papers included with model answers)

  • GK based questions summary

  • IAS Prelims last 12 Year Previous Year Solved Papers with Answer Keys and explanation

  • IAS Mains last 20 years General Studies Question Papers with Model Answers

  • Summary of Govt. plans, reports, etc. (will send you in PDF at email)

  • Yearly Current Affairs summary (Hard copy and update in PDF Copy)

  • UPSC IAS Prelims and main revised Syllabus Booklet

  • Latest India Year Book published by Publications Division Govt of India with summary booklet

  • Budget and Economy Survey Gist

  • Staretgy and writing skill booklet with Interview model questions-answers booklet with Topper Success Stories

  • Some Motivational Videos and handwrittent model answers prepared by IAS qualified personalities

  • ONLINE CURRENT AFFAIRS link for regular updates

Features of self study plan: 

  • Our study notes prepared in very simple language.
    हमारे स्टडी नोट्स बहुत ही सरल भाषा में तैयार किए गए हैं।
    You can read these notes with affortless manner.
    आप इन नोट्स को सहजता से पढ़ सकते हैं।
    This collection will very usefull to achieve your Goal.
    यह संग्रह आपके लक्ष्य को प्राप्त करने के लिए बहुत उपयोगी होगा।
  • Our Study note contains all the topics included in the syllabus.
    हमारे स्टडी नोट में पाठ्यक्रम में शामिल सभी विषय शामिल हैं।
  • Study notes prepared by well experience successful faculties.
    अच्छे अनुभव वाले सफल संकायों द्वारा तैयार किए गए अध्ययन नोट्स।
    Our Study notes would be very beneficial for those students, who are involved in self study and not bear burden of misguided coaching institues with overvalued coaching fee.
    हमारे अध्ययन नोट्स उन छात्रों के लिए बहुत फायदेमंद होंगे, जो स्वयं अध्ययन में शामिल हैं और अधिक कोचिंग शुल्क के साथ गुमराह कोचिंग संस्थानों का बोझ नहीं उठाते हैं।

Startegy for success

आईएएस परीक्षा में मिलेगी सफलता, अगर आप करते हैं ऐसे तैयारी तो

सपनों को हकीकत में बदलने के लिए बड़ी कीमत चुकानी पड़ती है. ऐसा ही एक सपना देश में लाखों युवाओं का जिसके लिए उन्हें अपनी जिंदगी के कुछ साल दिन-रात देना पड़ता है उसके बाद वह आईएएस की परीक्षा में सफल हो पाते हैं.  हमारे देश का हर दूसरा युवा आईएएस (IAS) बनने की इच्छा रखता है, लेकिन ऐसा हो नहीं पाता. दरअसल, यूपीएससी की परीक्षा देश की सबसे कठिन परीक्षाओं में शुमार है. अगर इस परीक्षा की तैयारी करते हुए जरा सी प्लानिंग इधर से उधर हुई तो अभ्यर्थी (Applicant) का सपना सच नहीं हो पाता है. यदि पूरी प्लानिंग (Planning) के साथ तैयारी की जाए तो सफलता (Success) आपके हाथ जरूर लगेगी. अकसर अभ्यर्थी पहले प्रयास में फेल हो जाने के बाद हार मान लेते हैं, लेकिन उन्हें ऐसा नहीं करना चाहिए. अभ्यर्थी को एक बार फिर अपनी प्लानिंग को देखना चाहिए और उससे कहां चुक हुई है, उसे ठीक कर के दोबारा प्रयास करना चाहिए.  

यूपीएससी परीक्षा (UPSC Exam) में शामिल होने वाले अभ्यर्थियों की उम्र 21 वर्ष से 32 वर्ष के मध्य होती है. वहीं, पिछड़े वर्ग के अभ्यर्थियों को इसमें छूट प्रदान की जाती है, 21 वर्ष से 35 वर्ष तक के अभ्यर्थी इस परीक्षा में शामिल हो सकते हैं.

इस प्रकार करें शुरुआत 
सबसे पहले परीक्षा की पूरी जानकारी होना आवश्यक है. परीक्षा के सिलेबस (Syllabus) को समझें. फिर उसी के अनुसार रणनीति बनाएं और अध्ययन की सामग्री को एकत्र करें. मन लगाकर पढ़ाई करें. पढ़ाई के साथ ही साथ लेखन करना भी जरूरी है. अधिक से अधिक मोक टेस्ट दें. अखबार व मैगजीन जरूर पढ़ें.

रोज कैसे पढ़ें जानें
तैयारी की शुरुआत से ही सिलेबस पर नजर बनाकर रखें. किताबों के साथ ही साथ सिलेबस को भी पूरा करते चलें. दिन में सभी विषयों (Subjects) के लिए समय निर्धारित करें. साथ ही उसी हिसाब से टॉपिक्स (Topics) को कवर करें. प्रत्येक दिन एक घंटे अखबार जरूर पढ़ें. सिविल सर्विस के लिए करंट अफेयर्स की जानकारी बहुत आवश्यक होती है. प्रयास करें की एक दिन की भी पढ़ाई मिस न हो.

रिवीजन है बहुत जरूरी 
परीक्षा के लिए पढ़ाई के साथ-साथ रिवीजन (Revision) खासा जरूरी है. जिन टॉपिक्स को पूरा किया है, दूसरे दिन उसका रिवीजन जरूर करें. साथ ही साथ नोट्स बनाते चलें.

चेकलिस्ट तैयार करें 
सिलेबस का चेकलिस्ट (Checklist) तैयार करें. जो भी टॉपिक पूरा कर लें उसे लिस्ट पर मार्क करें. सिलेबस को आप अपनी चेकलिस्ट के अनुसार हल करते रहें. ध्यान रहे कि कोई भी विषय आप से छूट न जाए. 

पुराने पेपर का अभ्यास 
पिछले वर्ष के पेपर को देखने से आपको समझ आ जाएगा कि किसी विषय को ज्यादा समय देना और किस को कम. पेपर पैटर्न को समझने के लिए पिछले दस साल के पेपर को हल करने की कोशिश करें. जिससे आपका टाइम मैनेटमेंट (Time Management) बेहतर हो जाएगा. 

अगर आप भी यूपीएससी की परीक्षा देने वाले हैं तो दिए गए टिप्स फॉलो करें जिससे आपकी तैयारी में आसानी हो।

प्लान बनाकर तैयारी करें-

यूपीएससी परीक्षा के लिए दिनभर किताबें खोलकर पढ़ना जरूरी नहीं है बल्कि उससे ज्यादा जरूरी है कि आप अपने स्टडी टाइम को किस तरह सेट करके पढ़ाई करते हैं। सबसे पहले स्टडी के लिए प्लान तैयार कर लें कि किस विषय में आपको कितना समय देना है। जिन विषयों में आप कठिनाई महसूस करते हैं उस पर ज्यादा वक्त दें, साथ ही रिवीजन भी हर दिन करते जाएं।

पुराने पेपर सॉल्व करें-

परीक्षार्थियों को रिवीजन के लिए पिछले साल के पेपर्स जरूर सॉल्व करना चाहिए। इससे उन्हें अंदाजा लग जाएगा कि किस तरह के सवाल मेन्स की परीक्षा में पूछे जाते हैं। खासकर पिछले 3-4 साल के पेपर्स पर जोर दें।

हर रोज अखबार पढ़ें-

अखबार को अपनी आदत में शुमार कर लें और हर रोज जरूर पढ़ें। इससे आपका सामान्य ज्ञान तो बढ़ेगा ही साथ ही रोजाना की घटनाओं से भी अवगत रहेंगे। यूपीएससी के पेपर में जनरल अवेयरनेस से काफी सवाल पूछे जाते हैं ऐसे में अखबार इसमें आपकी मदद करेगा।

NCERT की किताबें पढ़ें-

NCERT की किताबों से आप बेसिक जानकारी ले सकते हैं। मॉक टेस्ट से अभ्यास करना सबसे ज्यादा कारगर होता है। एक्सपर्ट्स का भी मानना है कि  NCERT यूपीएससी की तैयारी के लिए काफी मदद कर सकती हैं।

राइटिंग स्किल पर करें काम-

यूपीएससी में पढ़ने के साथ-साथ लिखने पर भी फोकस करना जरूरी है। परीक्षार्थी सिर्फ पढ़ने पर ही ध्यान ना दें। दरअसल, मेन्स परीक्षा सब्जेक्टिव होता है इसलिए अगर आप भी सफल होना चाहते हैं तो लेखन शैली पर काम करें।

UPSC conducts the IAS Exam for the following services :

All India Services

  • Indian Administrative Services (IAS)
  • Indian Police Servies (IPS) 
  • Indian Forest Services (IFoS) [Prelims Only]

Central Civil Services

  • Indian Foreign Services(IFS)
  • Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise), Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager, Administration).
  • Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group 'A'.
  • Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’
  • Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’.
  • Indian Trade Service, Group 'A'.
  • Indian Corporate Law Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade).
  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu & Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group 'B'.
  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu & Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group 'B'.
  • Pondicherry Civil Service, Group 'B'.
  • Pondicherry Police Service, Group ‘B’.

Civil Services Examination Pattern

The Civil Services Examination will consist of two successive stages (vide Appendix I Section-I)

(i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective type) for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination; and (ii) Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts noted above.

Applications are now invited for the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination only. Candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified for admission to the Civil Services (Main) Examination will have to apply online again, in the Detailed Application Form which would be made available to them.

The Civil Services Examination will consist of two successive stages :

(i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective type) for the selection of candidates for the Main Exam;

(ii) Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts noted above.

Applications are now invited for the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination only.

Candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified for admission to the Civil Services (Main) Examination will have to apply online again, in the Detailed Application Form which would be made available to them.

Civil Services Preliminary Exam Pattern and Syllabus

Topics of Paper I - (200 marks) Duration : Two hours : Total Questions (100)

  1. Current events of national and international importance

  2. History of India and Indian National Movement

  3. Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World

  4. Indian Polity & Governance -Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

  5. Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.

  6. General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization.

  7. General Science

Topics for Paper II - (200 marks) Duration : Two hours : Total Questions (80)

  1. Comprehension

  2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills

  3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability

  4. Decision making and problem solving

  5. General mental ability

  6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data Interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, Data Sufficiency etc. - Class X level)

  7. English Language & Comprehension Skills


  1. Paper­II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.

  2. The questions will be of multiple choice, objective type.

  3. It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the Papers of Civil Services (Prelims) Examination for the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in case he/she does not appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelims) Examination.

IAS Prelims Exam 2023-24 Complete Study Notes

Available @ 2500/-

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Civil_cervices_prelims_revised_notes_paper_1_(Eng)_Sample_page-0001 Civil_cervices_prelims_revised_notes_paper_2_(Eng)_Sample_page-0001 selection_strategy_guide.jpg current affairs English
Civil Services Prelims Exam Paper I study notes (Hindi) Civil Services Prelims Exam Paper II (CSAT) study notes (Hindi) selection_strategy_guide.jpg current affairs Hindi

IAS Main Exam Complete Study Notes

Available @ 2500/-

For subscribe click here

Civil_cervices_main_revised_notes_paper_2_(Hindi)_page-0001 Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations cover in Hindi Technology Economic Development Bio diversity Environment security and disaster management cover in Hindi Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude cover in Hindi
Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society cover Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations cover Technology Economic Development Bio diversity Environment security and disaster management cover Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude cover
Essay, English Comprehension & English Precis cover.psd selection_strategy_guide.jpg current affairs English current affairs Hindi

Civil Services Mains Exam Syllabus

The written examination will consist of the following papers:

Paper A - Modern Indian language 300 Marks - Qualifying nature - Marks not counted - Passing mandatory-

(i) Comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Precis Writing

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essay

(v) Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa.

Note 1: The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of High School level and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for final ranking.

Note 2 : The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

Paper B - English - 300 marks - Qualifying nature - Marks not counted- Passing mandatory

The aim of the paper is to test the candidates' ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:-

(i) Comprehension of given passages

(ii) Precis Writing

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary

(iv) Short Essay 


Essay - 250 Marks - To be written in the medium or language of the candidate's choice. Candidate is required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They are expected to keep their thoughts closely to the subject and arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and be concise. Credit will be given to effective and coherent expression.


General Studies-I 250 Marks (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

Effects of globalization on Indian society

Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

Salient features of world's physical geography.

Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.


General Studies -II: 250 Marks (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.

Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Role of civil services in a democracy.

India and its neighbourhood- relations.

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests

Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.

Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.


General Studies -III 250 Marks (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Government Budgeting.

Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

Land reforms in India.

Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Investment models.

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Disaster and disaster management.

Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.


General Studies -IV : 250 Marks (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's

Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

Case Studies on above issues.


Optional Subject - Paper I -250 Marks


Optional Subject - Paper II -250 Marks

Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given below.

Interview/Personality Test - 275 Marks

 Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.




judicial exams



current affairs

solved papers



current affairs

Coming Exam 1

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Coming Exam 2

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Center ad 6

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Police_SI _Constable_Exams



Civil Services Exam
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