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UKPSC Prelims & Mains Exam 2022 Complete Study Notes Available

The UKPSC Lower PCS Main exam 2022 is scheduled to be conducted on August 28 (Sunday) at Haridwar and Haldwani Nagar.

Earlier, the Commission had released the result of UKPSC Lower PCS Preliminary exam 2021 on February 24.

Uttarakhand Public Service Commission (UKPSC) has released the revised date for the Combined State (Civil) Upper Subordinate Service (Main) Examination on its official website. Now Commission will conduct the Combined State (Civil) Upper Subordinate Service (Main) Examination from 14 October 2022. 

Earlier the Combined State (Civil) Upper Subordinate Service (Mains) Examination was scheduled to conduct from 20-23 August 2022. 

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Uttarakhand Public Service Commission exam is conducted in three level : preliminary, mains and Interview.

UKPSC Exam Pattern

Preliminary Exam (Objective type)

Paper 1 : General Studies; 150 questions (1 marks each ques.); 150 marks; Timing - 2 hour


Indian History, Culture and National Movement; Pre-Historic Period; Mauryan Empire; Gupta Empire; Post-Gupta Period

Advent of Islam in India; Mughal Empire; Advent of Europeans; Indian National Congress; First World War & Indian; National Movement; Government of India Act 1935; History and Culture of Uttarakhand; Pre-historic Period.

Proto-historic period.

Ancient tribes of Uttarakhand; Kuninda and Yaudheya; Kartikepur dynasty; Kattyuri dynasty; Parmar dynasty of Garhwal; Chand dynasty of Kumaon; Gorkha Invasion and their rule in Uttarakhand; British RuleTehri Estate; Freedom Movement in Uttarakhand- First war of Independence (1857) and Uttarakhand; Role of Uttarakhand in India’s national movement; People’s movements of Uttarakhand


Indian and World Geography

Geography of world Important Branches; Earth and Solar System; Lithosphere; Latitudes; Longitudes; Time; Rotation; Revolution; Eclipses; Continents; Mountains; Plateaus; Planes; Hydrosphere; Lakes and Rocks; Atmospheric layers; Composition; Isolation; humidity; 

Geography of India

Geographic Introduction; Relief and Structure; Climate; Drainage system; Vegetation; Plants; Insect; Livestock breeding; Irrigation; Power; Soils; Water Resources; Geography of Uttarakhand; Geographical location; Relief and Structure; Climate; Drainage system; Vegetation; Wild lifel; Minerals; Agriculture; Animal Husbandry; Irrigation; Major Cities and Tourist Places; Populations


Indian & World Polity; Indian Polity National & International; Constitution of India; Panchayti Raj; Public Policy; Issues Concerning Rights; Political System of Uttarakhand


General Science and Technology; Science and Technology in India; Current Affairs; Ecology and Environment; Physical Science/Awareness; Life Science; Scientific Glossary


Current events of State, National and International Importance

Paper 2 : General Knowledge; 100 questions (1.5 marks each ques); 150 marks - Timing - 2 hour 

2. General Aptitude


Reasoning & Mental Ability; Aptitude; Logical & Analytical Ability; Decision; General Mental Ability; Numerical Identifications; Statistics Analysis.


General English & Hindi Language Proficiency; Vocabulary; Antonyms; Synonyms; One-word substitution; Phrases/phrasal verbs; Transformation of sentences.

UKPSC Prelims Exam Complete Study Notes available @ 3000/-

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UKPSC_Pre_Paper-I_General_Studies_(English) UKPSC_Pre_Paper-II_Aptitude_Test_(English) UKPSC_Pre_State_Special_Eng current affairs English
UKPSC_Pre_Paper-I_General_Studies_(Hindi) UKPSC_Pre_Paper-II_Aptitude_Test_(Hindi) UKPSC_Pre_State_Special_Hindi current affairs Hindi

Main Exam (Written Exam) Pattern

1st Paper : Language (3 hour 300 mark)

2nd Paper : Indian History & National Movement, Social & Culture (3 hour 200 marks)

3rd Paper : Indian Administration, Social Justice & International Relations (3 hour 200 marks)

4th Paper : India Geography & World Geography (3 hour 200 marks)

5th Paper : Economic & Social Development (3 hour, 200 marks)

6th Paper : General Science & Technology (3 hour, 200 marks)

7th Paper : General Interest & Ethical Science (3 hour, 200 marks)

Interview : 200 marks

Total Marks 1700 

UKPSC Main Exam Complete Study Notes available @ 4000/-

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UPSC Mains Syllabus

Language Papers (Indian language and English)

प्रथम प्रश्न पत्र (भाषा)

समयावधि – 03 घण्टे पूर्णांक – 300

सामान्य हिन्दी, सामान्य अंग्रेजी एवं निबन्ध लेखन

राजभाषा परिनियमावली (संक्षिप्त परिचय) – 10 अंक
शब्द रचना – 25 अंक
(i) उपसर्ग एवं प्रत्यय
(ii) संधि एवं समास
(ii) वचन एवं लिंग
(iv) व्याकरणिक कोटियां – संज्ञा, सर्वनाम, क्रिया, विशेषण, क्रिया-विशेषण,अव्यय (परिभाषा एवं भेद)
(v) वाच्य परिवर्तन (कर्तृवाच्य/कर्मवाच्य/भाववाच्य)

शब्दविवेक – 25 अंक
(i) शब्दभेद
क- तत्सम, तद्भव, देशज, विदेशी, संकर
ख- रूढ यौगिक और योगरूढ
ग- पर्यायवाची, समानार्थी, विलोम, अनेकार्थी, समूहवाची, समरूप किन्तु भिन्नार्थक, पारिभाषिक, शब्दयुग्म, वाक्य या वाक्यांश के लिए एक शब्द, संक्षिप्ताक्षर
(ii) शब्द शुद्धि

वाक्य रचना – 10 अंक
(i) रचना के आधार पर वाक्य परिवर्तन (सरल, मिश्र एवं संयुक्त)
(ii) व्याकरण के आधार पर वाक्य परिवर्तन (प्रश्नवाचक, विस्मयादिबोधक, सकारात्मक, नकारात्मक)
(iii) विरामचिह्न
(iv) वाक्यशुद्धि
(v) स्लोगन लेखन

भाषा का मानकीकरण – 10 अंक
(i) वर्तनी का मानकीकरण
(ii) व्याकरण का मानकीकरण
(iii) लिपि का मानकीकरण
(iv) उच्चारण का मानकीकरण

लोकोक्ति एवं मुहावरे – 10 अंक

अपठित गद्यांश (हिन्दी) – 15 अंक (2+5+8)
(i) शीर्षकीकरण
(ii) भावार्थ
(iii) रेखांकित अंशों की व्याख्या

कार्यालयी पत्रों के प्रारूप – 20 अंक
शासकीय पत्र, अर्द्धशासकीय पत्र, अधिसूचना, परिपत्र, कार्यालयादेश, कार्यालय ज्ञाप, अनुस्मारक, विज्ञप्ति
टिप्पण/प्रारूपण/संक्षेपण – 15 अंक (5+5+5)
हिन्दी भाषा का कम्प्यूटरीकरण शब्द संसाधन, डाटाप्रविष्टि, मुद्रण, इन्टरनेट – 10 अंक

General English – 20 Marks

Although both these papers are only qualifying in nature, candidates should not be complacent as if they fail to score below 25% in either of them, their remaining answer sheets won’t even be evaluated. Both the papers follow a similar pattern of questions as given below.

  • One essay question for 100 marks – candidates have to select one out of a few given topics
  • Reading comprehension and related five-six questions for a total of 60 marks
  • Precis writing for 60 marks – the answer sheet will have a separate grid structure where this has to be written
  • Translation from English to chosen language for 20 marks
  • Translation from chosen language to English for 20 marks
  • Grammar and basic language usage such as synonyms, sentence correction etc. for a total of 40 marks

निबन्ध लेखन (Essay Writing) – 130 अंक
दिए गये दो खण्डों में खण्ड (क) में उल्लिखित विषयों में से किसी एक विषय का चयन करते हुए हिन्दी अथवा अंग्रेजी भाषा में लगभग 500 (पाँच सौ) शब्दों एवं खण्ड (ख) में उल्लिखित विषयों में से किसी एक विषय का चयन करते हुए हिन्दी अथवा अंग्रेजी भाषा में लगभग 700 (सात सौ) शब्दों में अभ्यर्थीगण द्वारा निबन्ध लिखा जायेगा।

खण्ड क (Part I)

1. उत्तराखंड की सामाजिक संरचना, इतिहास संस्कृति एवं कला (Social Structure, History, Culture and Art of Uttarakhand)
2. उत्तराखंड का आर्थिक एवं भौगोलिक परिदृश्य एवं पर्यावरण (Economic & Geographical Scenario and Environment of Uttarakhand)
3. उत्तराखंड का साहित्य (Literature of Uttarakhand)
4. उत्तराखंड में महिला सशक्तिकरण : चुनौतियाँ एवं संभावनाएं (Women Empowerment in Uttarakhand : Challenges & Prospects)

खण्ड ख (Part II)

1. भारतीय अर्थ एवं राज व्यवस्था (Indian Economy and Polity System)
2. विज्ञान एवं तकनीकी (Science & Technology)
3. आपदा एवं जन स्वास्थ्य प्रबंधन (Disaster and Public Health Managment)
4. समसामयिक घटनाक्रम (Current Events)
5. विश्व सुरक्षा, मानवाधिकार और भारत (Global Security, Human Rights & India)

Note : It is essential to obtain a minimum of 35% marks in Language paper.

GS Paper 1

  • Indian Culture – Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian History
    • Significant events, issues, personalities during the middle of the eighteenth century (1750s) until the present.
    • Different stages and important contributors and contributions from various parts of the country in ‘The Freedom Struggle’.
    • Post-independence consolidation and reorganisation within the country.
  • History of the world
  • Events, forms and effect on society since the 18th century (world wars, industrial revolution, colonisation, redrawal of national boundaries, decolonisation, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc.)
  • Society
    • Indian society and diversity – Salient aspects.
    • Role of women and women’s organisations, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanisation, their problems and remedies.
    • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
    • Effects of globalisation on Indian society.
  • Geography
    • Distribution of key natural resources across the world including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent; factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world including India.
    • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.
    • Geographical features and their location, changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and polar ice caps) and, in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
    • Salient features of world’s physical geography.

GS Paper II

  • Indian Constitution
    • historical underpinnings,
    • evolution, features
    • amendments, significant provisions
    • basic structure doctrine
    • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs, dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions
  • Structure, organisation and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary
  • Parliament and State Legislatures
    • structure, functioning
    • conduct of business
    • powers & privileges and issues arising out of these
  • Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions aimed at development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry – the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and the States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures
  • Role of civil services in a democracy
  • International Relations
    • India and its neighborhood – International relations
    • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting the Indian interests
    • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
    • Important International institutions, agencies, their structure and mandates

GS Paper III

  • Economy
    • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilisation of resources, growth, development and employment.
    • Government Budgeting.
    • Inclusive growth and associated issues/challenges
    • Effects of liberalisation on the economy (post 1991 changes), changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
    • Infrastructure – Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
    • Investment models (PPP etc)
    • Agriculture
      • Major cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
      • Economics of animal rearing.
      • Food processing and related industries in India – scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
      • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions
      • Land reforms in India.
  • Science and Technology
    • Recent developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
    • Achievements of Indians in science & technology.
    • Indigenisation of technology and developing new technology.
    • General awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, Robotics, Nanotechnology, bio-technology
    • Issues relating to intellectual property rights
  • Environment
    • Conservation,
    • Environmental pollution and degradation
    • Environmental impact assessment
  • Disaster Management (Laws, Acts etc.)
  • Security
    • Challenges to internal security (external state and non-state actors)
    • Linkages between development and spread of extremism
    • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges,
    • Basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
    • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organised crime with terrorism
    • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandates

GS Paper IV

This Ethics paper in the UPSC mains syllabus includes questions to check the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity and probity in public life and his/her problem-solving approach to various societal issues. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects and the exam covers area as mentioned in the syllabus given below.

  • Ethics and Human Interface
    • Essence of Ethics, Determinants and Consequences of Ethics in Human Interaction
    • Dimensions of Ethics
    • Ethics in private and public relationships
    • Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators
    • Role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating moral and ethical values
  • Attitude
    • Content, structure and function of attitude
    • Influence of attitude in thought and behaviour
    • Relation of attitude to thought and behaviour
    • Moral and Political attitudes
    • Social influence and persuasion
  • Aptitude
    • Aptitude and foundational values of Civil Service
    • Integrity
    • Impartiality and non-partisanship
    • Objectivity
    • Dedication to public service
    • Empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections of the society
  • Emotional Intelligence
    • Concepts of emotional intelligence
    • Utility and application of emotional intelligence in administration and governance
  • Contributions of Thinkers and Philosophers
    • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world to the concepts of morality
  • Public/Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration
    • Status and associated problems
    • Ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions
    • Laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance
    • Accountability and ethical governance
    • Strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance
    • Ethical Issues in international relations and funding
    • Corporate governance
  • Probity in Governance
    • Concept of public service
    • The philosophical basis of governance and probity
    • Information sharing and transparency in government
    • Right to Information
    • Codes of ethics
    • Codes of Conduct
    • Citizen’s Charters
    • Work culture
    • Quality of service delivery
    • Utilization of public funds
    • Challenges of corruption

Optional Subject (Two Papers)

A candidate has to choose one optional subject (out of a total of 48 options). There will be two papers for a combined total of 500 marks. Selecting the best optional subject for UPSC mains should be a careful and considered decision. Refer to the link given above to understand which optional subject will be the best for you.




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