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State PSC Exams

GPSC Complete Study Notes 2021

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GPSC Preliminary Examination Syllabus

PAPER – I : English

Total Marks: 75 Duration: 45 Minutes

I. Grammar and Usage

• Article, pronoun, adjective, preposition, conjunction and questions tag
• Verb and tense; agreement between subject and verb; gerund, participle
• Modal auxiliaries; usage of can, may, could, should, etc.
• Use of some, many, any, few, a little, since and for
• Active and passive voice
• Degrees of adjectives
• Common errors of usage

Candidate’s proficiency will be tested by questions on detection of errors in usage, or selection of 
grammatically correct sentence from a set of four alternative constructions or similar design considered 

II. Verbal Skills and Word Power

• Vocabulary
• Idioms and common phrases
• Spellings
• Homonyms, synonyms and antonyms, commonly confused words

Candidate’s skill set may be tested by direct questions on synonyms and antonyms or bye the task of 
completing one or more sentences where some words may be omitted by design. Word analogies may 
also be used to test skill in the area.

III. Comprehension

Reading Comprehension of Standard English passages of general interest is tested by means of main idea,
factual, exceptions, assumption, inference and further application questions – just to mention some familiar types.

The candidate may be asked to contrast and compare statements of different positions on the same subject.
The candidate may be asked to reassemble small passages from given sentences in a jumbled sequence.

SUBJECT CODE: 02 (Preliminary Examination)

PAPER - II : Reasoning (Mainly Non-Quantitative) (ENGLISH MEDIUM) 

Total Marks: 75 MARKS Duration: 45 Minutes 

1 Pictorial Reasoning – Mirror and Water Images, Selection of Figures, Analogy Questions.

2 Geometric Perception – Counting Of Figures, Folding Of Papers, Interpretation of Non – Quantitative 
Charts, Interpretation of Slope, Cube Cutting etc.

3 Coding & Decoding

4 Introduction to Logic - Assumptions, Premises and Conclusions

5 Venn Diagram & Syllogism Problems – Rules of Syllogism , Concept of Contradiction

6 Truth Table – Interpretation of Condition and Conjunctions etc.

7 Degree of Truth & Courses of Action

8 Games Involving Selection of Group, Sitting Arrangement, Scheduling Etc.

9 Attribute Search Problems

10 Magnitude Comparison Of More Than Two Entities

11 Direction Problems

12 Family Related Problems Critical Reasoning

13 Cause And Effect As Foundation Of Critical Reasoning

14 Fallacies: Avoiding Invalid Arguments

15 Solving Critical Reasoning Questions Logical Decision Making

16 Decision Making Under Specific Conditions

17 Decision Making In Government Services

18 Decision Making For Good Governance

PAPER–II: Quantitative Ability (ENGLISH MEDIUM) 

Total Marks: 75 MARKS Duration: 45 Minutes 

1. Number system – different types of numbers, tests of divisibility, unit digit in product, remainders

2. Square, square root and cube

3. Prime numbers, factorization and HCF & LCM

4. Decimal fraction

5. Ratio, proportion and variation

6. Rule of three & chain rule

7. Partnership

8. Percentage – problems involving product of variables

9. Introduction to algebra – BODMAS, simplification of weird symbols

10. Linear equations – in one and two variables

11. Problems on ages

12. Average of mean, median, mode – including weighted mean

13. Introduction to Cartesian co – ordinates – distance between points, section formula, area in
simple cases

14. Power and exponent – formulae involving squares and cubes of binomial expressions, 
factorisation, reciprocals in binomial expressions, surds, rationalization of surds, comparison of surds

15. Profit and loss – margin of profit, successive discounts, gains from using false weights and measures

16. Mixture and Alligation – compound mixture, repeated adulteration

17. Simple and compound interest – effective interest rate, equated instalments

18. Time and work – work and wages, pipes and cistern

19. Time and distance – relatives speed, problems on trains, boats and streams

20. Set theory - counting principle

21. Counting, permutation & combination – permutation with repetition, basic formulae of 
permutation and combination

22. Probability theory – complementary events, independent events, addition principle, geometric probability

23. Inequalities – application to finding minimum and maximum value of sum and product of up to three 

24. Quadratic equation – properties of roots, factorization method to solve equations

25. Sequences and progressions – arithmetic progression, sums of n terms of an AP in general,
geometrical progression, sum of n term of a GP , sum of infinite GP, sum of mixed AP and GP

26. Lines, angels and common geometrical figures – properties of transverse of parallel lines, 
properties of related to measure of sides of a triangles, Pythagoras theorem, quadrilateral, rectangle,
parallelogram, and rhombus

27. Circles

28. Area and perimeter – of rectangles, triangles, circles etc.

29. Volume and surface area – of cuboids, cubes, cylinder, cone, and sphere

30. Quantitative comparison – algebraic and geometrical included

31. Calendar

32. Clocks

33. Races

34. Number series – including application in matrix and simple geometric forms

35. Speed – math for data interpretation

36. Data interpretation – tables, pie charts, bar charts, line chart etc.

37. Data sufficiency


Standard - Degree level Total marks – 200

Nature of Paper Objective Type Duration – 120 minutes 

1. Geography of Gujarat : Geographical, Economic, Social and Industrial

2. The Government policies, welfare schemes and the problems and issues related to the following matters :

(A) Child Development

(B) Women Development

(C) Youth Development

(D) Tribal Development

(E) Development for Socially Deprived Classes

(F) Welfare for disabled persons

(G) Welfare for aged persons

(H) Labour welfare

3. Education system in Gujarat : State policy, Educational problems of Weaker Section of the Society 
and Women, Privatization of Education – issue of access to education, merit, quality and Social Justice. 
The institutions of Higher Education, the challenges of Higher Education, Serva Siksha Abhiyan, the role 
and importance of the Mid-Day Meal Scheme. 

4. Human Resource Development

Human Resource Development in India – present status of population in India - quantitative aspect
(size and growth – Sex, Age, Urban and Rural) and qualitative aspects (Education and Healthcare). 
Population policy and projection up to 2050. Importance and need of Human resource planning in modern society.

Components and factors involved in planning of Human resources. Nature, types & problems of 
unemployment in India, Trends of Employment in India, Demand estimate of skilled manpower in 
different Sectors and Areas. 
Governmental and Voluntary institution engaged in development of manpower.

Govt. employment policy, various schemes to reduce unemployment and underemployment.

4.2 Education: Education as a tool of HR development and social change. Education (Pre-primary to 
Higher Education) systems in India. Problems and issues (universalization of education, vocationalisation 
of education, Quality improvement, Dropout rate etc.) Education for girls, Socially and Economically 
underprivileged classes, disabled, Minorities, Talent Search etc. Govt. policies, Schemes and programs for 
Education. Govt. and Voluntary Agencies involved in promoting, regulating and monitoring Formal, Non – 
Formal and Adult education, e-learning. Impact of globalization and privatization on Indian education. 
National Knowledge 
Commission, National Commission for Higher Education and Research, IITs, IIMs, NITs. 

Vocational Education: As a tool of HR development. Vocational / Technical Education - Present status,
systems and training in India. Govt. policies, schemes and programmes – Problems, issues and efforts
to overcome them. Institutes involved in promoting, regulating, accrediting vocational and Technical Education. 

 Health : As an essential and major component of Human Resource Development, Vital Statistics, 
World Health Organization – objectives , structures, functions and its programmes. Government Health 
Policies, schemes and programmes.

Healthcare system in India. Problems and issues related to Healthcare and efforts to overcome them. 
Janani – Bal Suraksha yojna. National Rural Health Mission. 

5. The Constitution of India

(1) Preamble

(2) Fundamental Rights and Duties

(3) Directive Principles of State Policy

(4) Judiciary Systems

(5) Central - State Relations

(6) Distribution of Legislative Powers

(7) The appointment and power of the Governor

(8) Union list, State list and concurrent list

(9) Constitutional Committees

(10) Union – President, Vice President, Council of Ministers , Attorney General of India, Management of 
Government functions

(11) Elections

6. Disaster Management

Definition, nature, types and Classification of disasters, Natural Hazards: Casuative factors and mitigation 
measures – floods, earthquakes, tsunami, landslides etc. Factors affecting mitigation measures. 

7 Development and Environmental issues and mitigation measures

(1) General provisions of – (A) Conservation of Environment, Environment Protection Act, Air (prevention
and control of pollution) Act, Water (prevention and control of pollution) Act, Water Pollution, Forest Conservation Act.

(2) Definition of Eco- System and biodiversity - Ecology, the basic Concept of Ecology, Food chains in 
eco system.

(3) Environment Pollution – causes, effects and mitigation measures of – Air Pollution, Water Pollution, 
Soil Pollution, Marine Pollution, Noise Pollution, Thermal Pollution and Nuclear Pollution. The disposal 
of dirty water.

(4) Role of Information Technology in Environment and human health.

(5) Global environment- Such as climate change, acid rain, Global Warming, Watershed Management. 
Rejuvenate of waste land to fertile land.

8 Important – National and International events

9 Sports and Games: Country, player, the rules of games. Planning, Awards, International Sports 
Festivals or different tournament / competitions. Record / Achievement of games, Recent Results
and the position of Gujarat in this regards.

10 The important events before and after the independence of India.

11 General science - day to day experience and observation of science for which a person has not 
studied any specific study of any branch of science.

12 Current events.

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    (डेवेलप इंडिया ग्रुप (DIG) भारत की सबसे बड़ी अध्ययन सामग्री प्रदाता वेबसाइट है।)
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    (डेवेलप इंडिया ग्रुप (DIG) अध्ययन सामग्री पूर्णतया संशोधित पाठ्यक्रम के अनुसार तैयार की गई है।)
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    (इन अध्ययन सामग्रियों को तैयार करने का उद्देश्य केवल उन छात्रों कोअध्ययन सामग्री प्रदान करना है, जो महानगरों में कोचिंग क्लासेस में भाग लेने में असमर्थ हैं।)
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    (इस सामग्री में सभी प्रकार के तथ्यों और डेटा को प्रामाणिक स्रोतों से एकत्र किया गया है।)
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    (हमारी अध्ययन सामग्रियों में सभी प्रकार के आंकङों को तिमाही में अपडेट किया जाता है।)
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    (प्रारंभिक और मुख्य परीक्षा का पूरा पाठ्यक्रम इस अध्ययन सामग्री में शामिल किया गया है।)
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    (एक बार जब आप ये अध्ययन सामग्री पढ़ लेंगे, तो आपको निश्चित रूप से आने वाली परीक्षा में 70 से 80% प्रश्न मिलेंगें।)
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