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HCS Pre cum Main Exam 2022 Complete Study Notes Available

Haryana Combined State Civil/Upper Services is one of the most prestigious services of Haryana government. HPSC conducts Haryana PCS/HCS exam to recruits the posts like Deputy Collector, District Minority Welfare Officer, DSP, and Jail superintendent, etc.

The exam is conducted by Haryana Public Service Commission on various centres across the state including Chandigarh.

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HCS Exam Pattern

The HCS/ Haryana Public Service Commission exam will be Combined Competitive Examination (CCE) comprising of the three stages.

Stage 1---Preliminary Examination

(Objective Type/ Multiple Choice) for screening purpose only.

The Preliminary Exam Shall Comprise of two papers of Objective type (multiple choice questions) and carry a maximum of 200 marks as under.



No of Questions / Maximum Marks


Paper 1

General Studies.

100 Questions / 100 Marks

2 Hr.

Paper 2

General Aptitude

100 Questions / 100 Marks

2 Hr



200 Questions / 200 Marks


HCS Prelims Exam Syllabus

1. Preliminary Exam

It consists of two papers i.e. General Studies & General Aptitude.

General Studies Paper

It includes the following subjects:

  • General Science.
  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography.
  • Indian Culture, Indian Polity and Indian Economy.
  • General Mental Ability.
  • Haryana–Economy, and people. Social, economic and cultural institutions and language of Haryana.

General Aptitude Paper

It includes:

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, the order of magnitude, etc. – Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level)

Stage 2 : Main Examination

(Conventional Essay Type)

Candidates qualified in Stage 1 (normally fifteen times of the vacancies advertised) are allowed to take the Main Examination.

The Main Exam Shall Comprise of five papers as given below followed by Vica Voca.




Paper 1

English (Including English Essay)


Paper 2

Hindi (including Hindi Essay) in Devnagri script


Paper 3

General Studies


Paper 4

Two subjects to be selected from a list of 23 subjects as given below



Viva Voca




600 + 75 = 675

List of 23 Optional Subjects for Main Examination:

  1. Agriculture
  2. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  3. Botany
  4. Chemistry
  5. Civil Engineering
  6. Commerce and Accountancy
  7. Economics
  8. Electrical Engineering
  9. English Literature
  10. Geography
  11. Hindi Literature ( in Devnagri Script)
  12. Indian History
  13. Law
  14. Mathematics
  15. Mechanical Engineering
  16. Physics
  17. Political Science and International Relations
  18. Psychology
  19. Public Administration
  20. Punjabi Literature
  21. Sociology
  22. Sanskrit Literature
  23. Zoology

Candidates will not be allowed to offer the following combinations of subjects: 

  • Political Science and International Relations and Public Administration
  • Agriculture and Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Hindi Literature, English Literature, Sanskrit Literature and Punjabi Literature
  • Of the Engineering Subjects viz. Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering-not more than one subject.

Candidates fifteen times the number of vacancies advertised will be admitted to the Main Examination.The question paper for pre-examination will be set in English Only.Candidate thrice the number of vacancies advertised will be selected for Personality Test.The candidate who qualifies for the Main Exam will have to apply again on the separate application form which will be supplied by the Haryana Public Service Commision free of cost.

Personality Test /Interview: Candidates who are shortlisted in the Written Examination are required to appear for an Interview.


  1. All the papers shall be of three hours duration.
  2. The candidate shall have the option to answer the papers of General Knowledge and three optional subjects either in English or in Hindi medium but no candidate is permitted to answer any of their papers partly in Hindi and partly in English.

HCS Exam Syllabus

Compulsory Subjects

1. English and English Essay

Questions to test the candidate's capacity to understand and write good English. The paper will comprise precis writing expansion, tests in vocabulary and any other form of composition that may be suitable.

2. Hindi and Hindi Essay (in Devnagri Script)

  1. Translation of an English passage into Hindi.
  2. Explanation of Hindi passage into prose & poetry in the same language.
  3. Composition (idioms, corrections etc)

3. General Knowledge including everyday Science

This paper is intended to test the candidate's knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientist aspect as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject. The paper will also include questions of historical, geographical and economic importance, with special reference to Haryana.

4. Viva-voce

The Viva-voce will be to test the personal qualities of the candidate. This test will be in matters of general interest and is intended to test the candidate's alertness, intelligence and general outlook. Consideration will also be paid to the bearing and physique of the candidate. It will be conducted either in Hindi or in English depending upon the option exercised by a candidate.

Optional Subjects

1. Agriculture : Agriculture, Agricultural Economics, Animal Husbandry and Dairying.

2. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

3. Botany : Thallophyta, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Pehanero gams, Physiology, Ecology and General Biology including Cytology and Genetics.

4. Chemistry : Physical, Inorganic and Organic.
5. Civil Engineering

6. Commerce and Accountancy    

  1. Trade and Transport.Or
  2. Advanced Accountancy and Auditing. Or
  3. Business Organisation Management.

7. Economics

  1. Nature and scope of Economics systems and their functions.
  2. Micro Economic Analysis; National Income and Expenditure, Major Determinants of Income and Employment.
  3. Micro Economic Analysis; Demand Analysis, Price Formation under various Market Categories, Distributive shares.
  4. Structure of Indian Economy
    • Sectoral distribution of working force.
    • Problems of Agricultural Development and Reorganization.
    • Industrial Development policy.
    • India's Foreign Trade and Payments.
    • India's Five Year Plans.

8. Electrical Engineering

9. English Literature: Candidates will be expected to show a General Knowledge of the History of English Literature from the time os Spencer to the end of the reign of Queen Victoria with special reference to works of the following authors:
Shakespeare, Milton, Johnson, Carlyle, Dickens. Words worth, Keats Tennyson, Dardey.
Evidence of first-hand reading will be required.
10. Geography

  1. Physical basis of Geography of the world.
  2. Regional and Economic Geography of the world with special reference to India.




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