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CLAT (UG/PG) Exams 2023 Study Materials and Notes available


The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is an all India entrance examination conducted on rotation by 16 National Law Universities (NLUs) for admissions to their under-graduate and post-graduate degree programmes (LL.B & LL.M).

The Consortium of NLUs has postponed CLAT 2022. The new CLAT 2022 exam date is June 19, between 2 pm to 4 pm. The last date to submit the CLAT application form 2022 has also been extended till May 09, 2022. CLAT application fee is Rs 4,000 (Rs 3,500 for SC and ST candidates). The Consortium of NLUs will conduct CLAT 2022, in offline, pen and paper mode. It has also been announced that CLAT 2023 will be held on December 18, 2022.


CLAT Exam 2023 Complete Study Notes available

CLAT UG Exam Study Notes @ 2000/-

CLAT PG Exam Study Notes @ 2000/-

Crash course pdf price @ 1500/-

Mock test paper (Test Series) pdf price @ 500/-

Practice papers pdf price @ 500/-

Solved Papers @ 500/-


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The 16 participating NLUs in the order of their establishment are:

1) National Law School of India University, Bangalore (NLSIU)
2) National Academy of Legal Study & Research (NALSAR) University of Law, Hyderabad
3) National Law Institute University, Bhopal (NLIU)
4) The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata (WBNUJS)
5) National Law University, Jodhpur (NLUJ)
6) Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur (HNLU)
7) Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar (GNLU)
8) Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow (RMLNLU)
9) Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala (RGNUL)
10) Chanakya National Law University, Patna (CNLU)
11) National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi (NUALS)
12) National Law University Odisha, Cuttack (NLUO)
13) National University of Study & Research in Law, Ranchi (NUSRL)
14) National Law University & Judicial Academy, Assam, Guwahati (NLUJAA)
15) Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Visakhapatnam (DSNLU)
16) The TamilNadu National Law School, Tiruchirappalli (TNNLS)

Now there are 16 participating NLUs and following the practice the eighth Common Law Admission Test (CLAT 2016) will be conducted by the Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National University, Lucknow.

Eligibility Criteria for UG/PG Program

Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a non-statutory body created for the convenience of the students seeking admission to the various Law Universities in the Country under Memorandum of Understandings (MoU)

An entrance test is conducted to provide a list of candidates on the basis of ‘merit-cum-preference’ to each University for admission to their UG/PG programs, as per the qualifications, reservation and other conditions laid down under the respective Statutes of the participating Universities

The qualification and other details as provided by Statutes of each University for admission to UG/PG program, is given as follows:

Eligibility for CLAT Exam

Educational Qualification for UG Programme: A candidate should have obtained Higher Secondary School/ Intermediate (10+2) or its equivalent certificate from a recognized Board with not less than 45% marks in aggregate (40% in case of SC/ST candidates), as prescribed by the respective Statutes of the participating Universities

Age for UG Programme: A candidate should be below 20 years of age as on 01st July 2016 (22 years in case of SC/ST and Persons with Disability candidates, as prescribed by the respective Statutes of the participating Universities

Educational Qualification for PG Programme: A candidate should have obtained an LL.B/a five year integrated LL.B/any other equivalent degree from a recognized University with not less than 55% marks in aggregate (50% in case of SC/ST candidates), as prescribed by the respective Statutes of the participating Universities

Age for PG Programme: The participating Universities have not prescribed any upper age limit for PG Programmes

Reservation for UG/PG Programme: As per the Statutes of respective participating Universities; details may be seen in the prospectus of the respective University appended herewith

CLAT Exam Pattern

Under-Graduate Exam Programme

The CLAT-2016 Question Paper for UG courses shall multiple choice type questions as per the following scheme

Exam Description
Total Marks 200
Number of multiple-choice questions of one mark each 200
Duration of Examination Two hours (02:00 hours)
Subject areas with Weightage
English including Comprehension 40 Marks
General Knowledge and Current Affairs 50 Marks
Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability) 20 Marks
Legal Aptitude 50 Marks
Logical Reasoning 40 Marks

Note: There shall be a system of Negative Marking wherein 0.25 marks will be deducted for each of the wrong answer.

Subject areas with weightage

1. English including Comprehension: 40 Marks

2. General Knowledge and Current Affairs: 50 Marks

3. Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability): 20 Marks

4. Legal Aptitude: 50 Marks

5. Logical Reasoning: 40 Marks

Under-Graduate Exam Syllabus

English Including Comprehension

The English section will test the candidates’ proficiency in English based on comprehension passages and grammar. In the comprehension section, candidates will be assessed on their understanding of the passage given, its central theme and meanings of the words used therein, etc. The grammar section will focus on correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, filling of blanks in the given sentences with appropriate words, etc..

General Knowledge and Currents Affairs

As far as general knowledge is concerned, the candidates will be assessed on their general awareness including static general knowledge.  Questions on current affairs will test candidate’s knowledge on current affairs.


This section will test candidate’s knowledge on elementary mathematics, i.e. mathematics taught up to Class X.

Legal Aptitude

This section will test candidate’s interest towards study of law, research aptitude and problem solving ability. Questions asked may comprise of legal propositions/ principles and a set of facts to which the said proposition/ principle has to be applied to arrive at a most reasonable conclusion. Such propositions may or may not be ‘true’ in the real sense; yet the candidates will have to assume that the given propositions are true and answer the questions accordingly. An example of such legal proposition may be that any person who speaks in a movie hall and disturbs others who are watching the movie will be banned from entering any movie theatre across India for one year.

Logical Reasoning

The purpose of the logical reasoning section is to test the candidate’s ability to identify patterns, logical links and rectify illogical arguments. It will include a wide variety of logical reasoning questions such as syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc. However, visual reasoning will not be tested.


In the event of equal marks scored by two or more candidates in the CLAT-2013, the tie will be broken by the following procedure and order:

  • Higher marks in the section of legal aptitude in CLAT-2013
  • Higher age
  • Computerized draw of lots
Post-Graduate Exam Programme

The CLAT-2016 Question Paper for PG courses shall have the following pattern:

Exam Description
Maximum Marks 150
Duration of Examination Two hours (02:00 hours)
Multiple-Choice Questions 150 questions of one mark each
Allocation of questions to be asked from different areas of law:
1. Constitutional Law:       50
2. Jurisprudence:               50
3. Other law subjects:       50
such as Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, Family Law, property Law, IPR etc.

Note: There shall be a system of Negative Marking wherein 0.25 marks each will be deducted for each of the wrong answers to Multiple Choice Questions.


In case of equal marks secured by candidates, the procedure to break the tie will be as per the following order:

(i) Higher marks in the section of legal aptitude in CLAT-2016

(ii) Higher age

(iii) Computerized draw of lots

The Merit List would be prepared on the basis of maximum marks score by the aspirants and the total no. of seats vacant. And the merit list would contain the list of selected and qualified aspirants

The aspirants would be able to apply for the examination which would be held on May 2016 from the official website from January 2016 - April 2016 via Online Mode

Procedure to take admission under the NRI/NRI sponsored seats in various NLUs: The candidate interested in seeking admission in any of the NLUs under the NRI/NRI sponsored seat shall undertake the CLAT-2016

The admission will be based on the merit in CLAT-2016

The students are also simultaneously required to complete the formalities of the respective universities, if any, for which the candidate need to, contact the respective university of interest for further information.

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